6-Women during the
period of menstruation
or of postchildbirth confinement.
Fasting during these periods is forbidden and
should be made up later, a day for a day.
DURATION OF SAWM:
Fasting starts everyday in Ramadan at the break of dawn,
which is also the start of the Salatul Fajr time.
Fasting ends at sunset or with the call of Salatul
VALIDITY OF FASTING:
The validity of fasting depends on the following:
1-Abstaining from food,
liquids and sexual activity from dawn
2-The intention to fast must be made every day before dawn.
The intention(niyyah) may be made during night before going
to sleep or it can also be made at the time of Suhoor before
dawn. Suhoor is eating before fasting. It should be as close
to Fajr time as possible.
Muhammad (pbuh) says:
Suhoor, for there is blessing in Suhoor.'
desirable to break the fast as
soon as possible after sunset.
Breaking the fast with dates or water is a tradition of the Prophet.
Following is one of the Du'a for breaking fast:
laka sumtu wa 'ala ridhqika aftartu
(O Allah! For You did I fast and with
Your bounties did I break the fast.)
The things which
invalidate fast are of two kinds. The first one
requires Qada (only making up missed days), the other one not
only requires Qada but also Kaffarah(a penalty).
The following are
the things that require Qada only:
1-Eating or drinking
This includes non-nourishing items taken by mouth.
causing oneself to throw up.
3-The beginning of
menstruation or post-childbirth bleeding
even in the last moment before sunset.
reasons other than sexual intercourse.
5-Intending to break
the fast before sunset even if one
changes his mind, since intention
is one of the
pre-requisites of the validity of fasting.
6-Eating, drinking or
having intercourse after dawn on
the mistaken assumption that it is not dawn yet.
Similarly, engaging in these acts before Maghrib on the
mistaken assumption that it is already sunset.
Things that not only
require Qada but also Kaffarah are the following:
Sexual intercourse during fasting(dawn to dusk).
The penalty is to fast an additional period of 60 continuous days.
If one is not able to do so then he must feed sixty
poor people-one average meal each.
Before the days of the
slavery was a common practice in the Arab world.
Islam eliminated slavery from the society in a very
short period of time. A useful approach was to
allow people free a slave as a charity or as a
penalty for a sin. Thus during the time of the
Prophet(S.A.W.), setting a slave free was
the penalty one must pay as a kaffarah,
if he or she had a slave.
What does not break
1-If anyone forgets that he is fasting and eats or
he should complete his fast, for it is only Allah who has
fed him and given him drink.(A Hadith from Muslim).
things which are not possible to avoid,
such as one's saliva, street dust, smoke, etc.
intra-venous which is solely medical and
Breaking of fast under exceptional conditions:
Muslims are permitted to break the ordained fast of
when there is danger to their health. In this situation a Muslim
should make up his fast later at any other time of the year.