SOME WEEKS IN HISTORY

                                      
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October 1, 1908—On this day, Henry Ford officially introduced the Ford Model T to the American public. 
Ford had worked hard for five years to produce 
a reliable and inexpensive car, succeeding on his 20th attempt. The Model T got its name because 
T
is the 20th letter of the alphabet. 
Ford sold more than 15 million of the two-seater vehicles before it was discontinued in 1927. 
When it was first introduced, the Model T cost $850.

49 years ago
October 3, 1952—Great Britain successfully tested its first atomic bomb. The country had started development of its atomic bomb during World War II, when 50 British scientists and engineers worked on the successful U.S. atomic bomb program at Los Alamos, New Mexico. 
After the war, many of those scientists were enlisted into the secret effort to build an atomic bomb for Great Britain. 
In February 1952, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill made the announcement that he planned to test a British nuclear bomb. 
Then on October 3 the 25-kiloton bomb was detonated, or exploded, in the hull of the HMS Plym off the Monte Bello Islands. With the success of the test, Britain became the world's third atomic power after the United States and the Soviet Union.

6 years ago
October 3, 1995—O.J. Simpson was acquitted, or found not guilty, in the double murder of his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman. 
The sensational trial of the former professional football player lasted 252 days and was televised. Simpson was later ordered to pay millions of dollars to the families of the victims.

This Week in History: September 28
155 years ago

September 23, 1893—A German astronomer named Johann Galle discovered the planet called Neptune after the ancient Greek god of the sea. It was the first planet 
to be discovered with the use of mathematical calculations. Scientists had discovered a problem with the orbit of Uranus and thought it could be caused only by the gravity of a nearby planet. English and French scientists worked on finding the new planet but couldn't get anyone else interested in the search. Finally, they sent their calculations to a German astronomer in Berlin, Johann Galle, who calculated an unknown disk, which turned out to be the eighth planet, Neptune.

37 years ago
September 27, 1976—After ten months of investigation, the Warren Commission released a report about the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. The report said that there was no conspiracy in the assassination, and that Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged, or suspected, assassin did not have any help.
However, to this day conspiracy theories question the truth of the report. In 1978, the House Select Committee on Assassinations suggested in a report that Kennedy was "probably assassinated as a result of a conspiracy" that could have involved multiple shooters and organized crime. 
The committee's findings, as with the findings of the Warren Commission, are disagreed upon by many.

16 years ago
September 22, 1994—On September 22, 1985, the first Farm Aid concert was held to raise money for and awareness about farmers in the United States. 
It was arranged by country singer Willie Nelson. Fifty country, rock, and blues stars put on a concert to raise money for farmers in the United States, many of whom were having trouble paying for their equipment. 
Nelson also wanted to teach people more about farmers and all the work that is required to get food to Americans.

108 years ago
September 19, 1893—Governor Lord Glasgow signed the Electoral Bill, making New Zealand the first country to grant national voting rights to women. The bill's passage followed years of voting-rights activism. Women had signed many petitions, had attended many meetings, and had passed a number of resolutions about their right to vote. In America, women were not granted the right to vote until 1912. In Great Britain, women were not allowed to vote until 1928.

25 years ago
September 17, 1976—The space shuttle Enterprise was unveiled during a NASA ceremony in California. 
The spacecraft cost almost $10 billion to build and took nearly ten years to complete. Early space shuttles like the Enterprise were used to transport satellite equipment into space and to carry out scientific experiments. Since then, space shuttles have carried out many important missions, such as fixing the Hubble Space Telescope and working on Alpha, the international space station. In all, there have been over 100 space shuttle missions to date.

7 years ago
September 19, 1994—Some 20,000 U.S. military troops landed in Haiti to oversee the country's change back to democracy. The first democratically elected leader in Haitian history, Roman Catholic priest Jean-Bertrand Aristide, had been removed from power in a bloody military coup, or revolt, in 1991. Based on criminal evidence against the military dictators who had taken over, the United Nations authorized the use of force 
to bring Aristide back into power in 1994. Avoiding bloodshed, Jimmy Carter, former U.S. president, and a group of diplomats successfully came to a last-minute agreement with Haiti's military. 

October 15, Aristide returned to power. He served as president until his term ended in 1996. He was again elected to president in 2000, an election year marked by violence and corruption in Haiti.

88 years ago
September 10, 1913—Officially opened on this day, 
the Lincoln Highway, later called Interstate 80, was 
the first coast-to-coast paved road in the United States. Running from New York to California, the Lincoln Highway traveled through the Great Plains and beyond the Great Salt Lake toward San Francisco. Before the highway's opening, parts of the course had been made of dirt traveled by horses. But the new highway was paved with 
a vision for the future. Soon cars and trucks, not horses or trains, would become the major source of transportation.

27 years ago
September 8, 1974—Just one month into his presidency, Gerald R. Ford pardoned, or officially forgave, the previous president, Richard M. Nixon, for crimes that Nixon had been involved in during his term in office. Nixon's reelection committee had been caught spying on political opponents. 
The scandal that followed was called Watergate Ford said that his pardon of the former president was needed in order to end divisions within the government.

3 years ago
Mark McGwire, of the St. Louis Cardinals, hit his 62nd home run of the season. With that hit, he surpassed, or beat, Roger Maris, who held the home-run record for 37 years. Just a few weeks later, on September 27, McGwire would hit his 70th home run, setting a new record for the most home runs in a season.

109 years ago
September 3, 1882—The first municipal, or city-owned, electric power station began providing power in New York City. Inventor Thomas Edison developed the Pearl Street Station. Edison also developed such inventions as the typewriter, the telephone, and the phonograph, or record player.

62 years ago
September 1, 1939—Germany, under the control of the Nazi political party led by Adolf Hitler, invaded Poland in a surprise attack using it's blitzkrieg, or "lightning war" strategy. After Germany overtook Poland, the British government demanded that Hitler remove his troops from Poland. Hitler failed 
to respond to the request, forcing the beginning of World War II.

6 years ago
September 4, 1995—In 1995, baseball player Robin Ventura became the eighth player in major league history and the first in 25 years to hit two grand slams (home runs with the bases loaded) in one game. Ventura's team, the Chicago White Sox, beat the Texas Rangers 14 to 3.

79 years ago
August 29, 1922—In the publication The Boston Transcript, illustrator and designer W. A. Dwiggins 
defined advertising as "the only form of graphic design that gets home to everybody." Today, advertising reaches homes in the form of television, newspapers, radio, and most recently, the Internet.

38 years ago
August 28, 1963—A civil rights march was held in Washington, D.C., led by Martin Luther King Jr. 
On the steps of the Lincoln Monument, King delivered his "I have a dream" speech. The Civil Rights Act was passed less than a year after this peaceful march.


4 years ago
August 31, 1997—Diana, Princess of Wales, and her 
friend Dodi Al Fayed died in an early-morning car accident. The driver, Henri Paul, who was drunk, lost control of the car in a highway underpass. He might have been driving recklessly in an attempt to escape the paparazzi, or press photographers, who were desperately chasing the car, trying to take pictures of the princess with her boyfriend in return for large sums of money. Diana's bodyguard, Trevor Rees-Jones, was the only one who escaped with serious but nonfatal injuries. He was also the only one wearing his seat belt. Millions around the world mourned the death of Diana, who was for many years highly visible on television, in newspapers, and magazines.


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