OBESITY


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What does obese mean?
The word obesity
  means  being  so  overweight  that
it's bad for your health. Doctors work out if  a  person
is obese by looking at how tall they are and how much
they weigh.



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Why is it a problem?
One in  25  children  are  now  classed  as  being   obese.
With about one in ten kids already overweight,
doctors are really worried about how  this  might  affect
children's health when they're older.

We're putting  on  weight  because  we  eat  a  lot   more
calories but we don't do as much exercise as we used to.

Also, experts say portion sizes have got bigger, fast food
is available everywhere and kids are  encouraged  to  buy
high fat and  high  sugar  products  advertised by  celebs



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How do you become obese?
Food is a fuel and everyone needs to eat to get energy.
But you have to look at what's in your food.

All   food  and drink except  water  contains  calories.
If you eat more calories  that  you  need then  those
calories   aren't   used  the  body   stores  it  as   fat.

If you eat loads of extra calories, like a big chocolate
bar, you should try and do some exercise to  wear off
that energy before it turns to fat.


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How does it affect your health?
Being obese can be very dangerous to your
health and doctors say that if you're overweight
as a child you're likely to be overweight as an adult.

It's linked to heart disease, cancer, strokes,
high blood pressure and weak bones.

It can also lead to emotional problems
like being bullied and feeling down


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What's being done about the problem?
Experts say you should enjoy your food but be careful
about    what you  eat  and  remember to keep active.

The government is trying to work out how
to   let  you  know  what's  in  your  food.

They may decide that food like burgers and chips should
be served up with a warning that you should balance
your meal with exercise - just like cigarettes have health
warnings on them.

Popstars and sport stars may be banned from advertising
fast food and high fat, high sugar snacks and drinks.

And some vending machines in schools have already been
emptied and replaced with healthier options.


Cooking lessons could also be included in your day, to help
you learn how to prepare food that's good for you
.

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